The growing trend towards continuous adjustment of assets and liabilities, which characterized the 1960s and 1970s, has fostered the growth of the repo market, which became an important market for short-term funds in the 1980s. In addition, central banks have largely used deposits in money management. Pension transactions allow central banks to temporarily allocate commercial bank reserves, which has little or no impact on the performance of government bonds underlying reseat operations. The role of the repo market in the conduct of monetary policy has been particularly important in the United States, given the increased tolerance for deviation spreads in other OECD countries. Of the OECD countries that make deposits, only the United States, France, Spain and Italy make deposits between banks and non-banks, which are considered part of the monetary aggregates. Under a pension contract, the Federal Reserve (Fed) buys U.S. Treasury bonds, U.S. agency securities or mortgage-backed securities from a primary trader who agrees to buy them back within one to seven days; an inverted deposit is the opposite. This is how the Fed describes these transactions from the perspective of the counterparty and not from its own point of view. Credit risk is related to the possibility that the other party participating in the transaction will not meet its obligation to cancel the transaction at the end of the contract. The main cause of the recent losses has been the inability of clients to take control of the underlying securities, which has allowed traders to use them in several transactions. The transaction costs associated with the transfer of securities have led to the development of deposits without actual delivery of the underlying securities14. Of these „non-delivery deposits,“ the most popular is the „tri-party-pension,“ in which an independent custodian is responsible for both the borrower and the lender.
However, the use of the „Duebill“ or „Briefrepo“, in which the merchant retains control of the customer`s warranties, was common. Also, in some cases, near the customer, they assumed they were dealing with a trader – just to find out later that they were dealing with a (insolvent) subsidiary. The MA conducts repurchase transactions with banks if they want to temporarily increase the overall liquidity of the economy. Thus, they buy securities from a bank that agrees to buy them back later.22 If this transaction is considered a financial agreement – as in MBS`s current approach – it will look like a direct loan from the bank by LA.