The report on the treatment of medical devices in regional trade agreements (RTA) now covers more than half of international trade and collaborates with global multilateral agreements within the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO). In recent years, many countries have actively sought to conclude new bilateral and regional trade agreements, often more modern and progressive, aimed at boosting trade and economic growth. The current release of the RTA partly reflects the need for deeper integration than has been achieved through previous multilateral agreements. Policymakers are aware that regional trade agreements must be in line with multilateral rules and that coherence between regional agreements and between regional and multilateral systems is needed. Some countries even negotiate ATRs with the express intention of setting a precedent for future multilateral rules, while others see further action in regional partnerships as a way to complement the multilateral system. In both cases, he argues for „multilateralist“ practices, which can contribute to the promotion of convergence. Regional trade agreements are multiplying and changing their nature. In 1990, 50 trade agreements were in force. In 2017, there were more than 280. In many trade agreements, negotiations today go beyond tariffs and cover several policy areas relating to trade and investment in goods and services, including rules that go beyond borders, such as competition policy, public procurement rules and intellectual property rights.
ATRs, which cover tariffs and other border measures, are „flat“ agreements; THE RTAs, which cover more policy areas at the border and at the back of the border, are „deep“ agreements. Online Research Documents General documents relating to regional trade agreements carry the WT/REG document code. As part of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations mandate, they use TN/RL/O (additional values needed). These links open a new window: Allow a moment for the results to appear. If you have any questions about OECD research and analysis on trade, please contact us directly. All of our research and business analysis can be read for free online on the OECD iLibrary Many RTAs contain elements that deepen regulatory cooperation and new market opportunities are created, even as participants address structural barriers in their own economies. Next-generation RTAs are working to go further. Countries wishing to participate in and benefit from global markets must increasingly integrate trade and investment measures into their broader national structural reforms. Indeed, countries may be able to use the current and future negotiations on the „beyond the border“ regime as the engine of desired internal political reforms. The major structural question of whether, when and how to multilateralize the provisions in atRs is above all a political issue that governments must address. In collaboration with partners such as the WTO and the OECD, the World Bank Group provides information and support to countries wishing to sign or deepen regional trade agreements.
In concrete terms, WBG`s work focuses on the need for trade and investment agreements to increasingly reflect environmental concerns in order to achieve cross-cutting environmental objectives and increase their public acceptance.